The dice game of craps has a rich and storied past, one that spans centuries and continents. Known for its lively atmosphere and fast-paced action, craps has evolved from ancient origins to become one of the most popular casino games in the world today.

Ancient Beginnings

The history of craps can be traced back to an old English game known as “Hazard.” This game, dating back to the Crusades, employed similar rules and gameplay mechanics. Hazard was brought to France where it gained widespread popularity and eventually traveled across the Atlantic.

Arrival in America

Craps made its way to North America in the early 19th century by way of French and English settlers. The game underwent significant transformation during its migration. Bernard Xavier Philippe de Marigny, a wealthy landowner and gambler from Louisiana, is credited with refining the rules, making them more accessible and straightforward for American players.

Modern Adaptations

With the advent of riverboat casinos and the legalization of gambling in places like Nevada, craps surged in popularity. By the mid-20th century, it had become a staple in most casinos. The simplicity of the game, coupled with its social aspects, attracted a broad spectrum of players.

Key Milestones

Year Event
12th Century Origins with the game of Hazard
18th Century Popularity in France
Early 19th Century Introduction to America
Mid 20th Century Becomes a casino staple

Gameplay and Strategy

The modern game of craps is both simple yet strategic. Here’s a brief look at the fundamental elements:

  • Come Out Roll: The first roll in a betting round.
  • Point Number: Established if the come-out roll is 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, or 10.
  • Winning: Bets on the Pass Line win if the come-out roll is a 7 or 11.

Global Popularity

Craps has not remained confined to American shores. Online casinos and gaming platforms have introduced this thrilling game to a global audience, further increasing its popularity. The accessibility of online play allows enthusiasts from around the world to experience the excitement of craps from the comfort of their own homes.


The history of craps is a testament to the game’s enduring appeal. From its origins in medieval Europe to its current stature as a casino favorite around the world, craps continues to captivate players with its blend of chance and strategy. Whether played in a traditional casino or online, the game remains a cornerstone of the gambling world.

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